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What Causes Sleep Apnea?

What Causes Sleep Apnea?

Sleep apnea is caused when breathing is discontinued in the middle of sleeping. If neglected, it could culminate in high blood pressure or causing heart ailments. In our previous blog, we have explained 6 treatments followed by sleep dentistry in San Bernardino. However, discover more about Sleep Apnea from the paragraphs below.

6 Categories of Sleep Apnea in San Bernardino:

  1. Obstructive Sleep Apnea:

    It is the most familiar form of this disorder. Throat muscle eases up and obstructs the airway triggering obstructive sleep apnea. It happens when soft tissues inside the throat collapse. This causes a blockage of the airway completely or partly. During such emergencies, chest muscle has to bear the extra load. This affects your sleep and flow of oxygen leading to an abnormal heartbeat.

  2. Central Sleep Apnea:

    This occurs when muscles responsible for controlling the breathing do not get the signals from the brain. It is observed mostly in people having neuromuscular ailments.

  3. Treatment-Emergent Sleep Apnea:

    It is complex compared to other variants. When obstructive and central sleep apneas simultaneously occur, it is regarded as treatment-emergent sleep apnea.

Symptoms of Sleep Apnea in San Bernardino:

You may not observe initial symptoms of sleep apnea but your sleeping partner will notice it. They are

  1. Heavy snoring
  2. Sudden awakening and gasping
  3. Feeling sleepy in daytime and lack of attention
  4. Headache in the morning
  5. High BP
  6. Depression
  7. Dry mouth or sore throat

Factors triggering Sleep Apnea in San Bernardino:

Below are some of the factors causing sleep apnea:

  1. Narrow airway
  2. Hypothyroidism
  3. Hormonal imbalance
  4. Nose Structure
  5. Congested airway due to medical condition
  6. Allergies
  7. Smoking and alcohol

Diagnosis of Sleep Apnea:

A doctor will do the physical examination followed by the checking of your medication history to find the possible reason for sleep apnea. If you have traveled to high-altitude locations, there could be mild symptoms of sleep apnea for some time. Below are a few examinations that a doctor will perform to rule out if you have sleep apnea

5 Examination Doctor in San Bernardino Performs to Test if You Have Sleep Apnea:

  1. Physical Examination:

    A doctor will check if you are overweight, have a thick upper airway, or have large tonsils. They will examine your heart, lungs, and any symptoms of neurological disorder.

  2. Medical Tests:

    Your doctor may advise a few tests to rule out conditions that can cause sleep apnea. A blood test to find endocrine disorder, an ultrasound to check ovaries in females to rule out polycystic ovary syndrome.

  3. Medical History:

    Based on your medical condition and family history, a doctor can tell if you are at risk of sleep apnea. Type 2 diabetes, Blood pressure shooting high, and atrial fibrillation heighten the risk of sleep apnea.

  4. Sleep Studies:

    Based on your physical examination and previous history, your sleep doctor will suggest you to consult a sleep study center to:

  • Find breathing pattern as you sleep
  • Oxygen saturation in the blood
  • Find muscles activity that controls breathing
  • Monitor brain and heart activity

Sleep Apnea Treatment in San Bernardino:

If you have been diagnosed with sleep apnea, your doctor will recommend you to make lifestyle changes first. If that does not help, a doctor may advise your other treatments like

  1. CPAP to send air pressure via a mask while you sleep. It helps keep the upper airway open to prevent sleep apnea.
  2. ASV to normalize breathing patterns using pressure. This is an effective device for people with complex sleep apnea.
  3. Surgery to remove soft tissues, jaw repositioning. Nerve stimulation, implants, or tracheostomy are some other surgical methods to treat sleep apnea.

Conclusion:

If you are at risk of sleep apnea in San Bernardino, it is recommended to take the advice of your sleep doctor immediately. Contact Dr. Myron Massey for an early diagnosis and treatment of sleep apnea at the Dental Practice of San Bernardino. Call us at 909-888-1301 to arrange for an appointment right away.

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